Tulum, was built late in the thirteenth century, during what is known as the Mayan post-classic period. When in the Riviera Maya, not visiting these ruins is a crime.
What sets the site apart from other ruins in Mexico is both the fact that it is well preserved and it boasts its own, inviting beach.
Each Mayan city had a specific purpose, and Tulum was no exception. It was a seaport, trading mainly in turquoise and jade.
As well as being the only Mayan city built on a coast, Tulum was one of the few protected by a wall.
Most prominent among the remaining structures is the Castillo (castle), which is perched on the edge of a 12-metre limestone cliff, overlooking the Caribbean coast. Negotiating its steep steps is best done sideways, a fact which will assert itself on the way down.
Before descending, though, be certain to catch a glimpse of the Caribbean behind the Castillo. The view is as refreshing as the cool breeze coming from the sea.
In front of the Castillo is the Temple of the Frescoes, one of the better preserved buildings. Peer inside the temple to see a mural painted in three sections. The first level represents the Mayan world of the dead, the middle is that of the living, and the final, highest piece, is of the creator and rain gods.
The site’s main structure, El Castillo (Castle), was actually used as an ancient lighthouse! Two small windows at the top allowed sailors to navigate the ocean reef at dusk. If the captain could see daylight through both windows, that meant they were on the correct course.
Flip flops NO.
When you are are the parking, you will see a little train. Buy a ticket its only 20 pesos for both ways and you will not regret. The site is a bit far and its very hot there.